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The thesis aims to present the law from a pedagogical point of view, according to Protagoras, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. It was based on the study of Platonic and Aristotelian texts; the surviving works of Sophists and scholars of the antiquity and today. The method followed was the philosophical analysis; the detailed analysis of the text of the aforementioned philosophers in connection with laws’ pedagogical nature. The thesis consists of four chapters. Initially, the theories of the Sophists on law and justice are presented followed by the analysis of Protagoras’s positions who defended the law and recognized its pedagogical nature. The second chapter investigates the position of Socrates and Plato towards the law. The laws according to Socrates adequately educate and guide the citizens in order to comply with their requirements spontaneously. Plato argues that the philosophers, who have received appropriate education and have become wise and virtuous, are above the law, hence, ... /div> The thesis aims to present the law from a pedagogical point of view, according to Protagoras, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. It was based on the study of Platonic and Aristotelian texts; the surviving works of Sophists and scholars of the antiquity and today. The method followed was the philosophical analysis; the detailed analysis of the text of the aforementioned philosophers in connection with laws’ pedagogical nature. The thesis consists of four chapters. Initially, the theories of the Sophists on law and justice are presented followed by the analysis of Protagoras’s positions who defended the law and recognized its pedagogical nature. The second chapter investigates the position of Socrates and Plato towards the law. The laws according to Socrates adequately educate and guide the citizens in order to comply with their requirements spontaneously. Plato argues that the philosophers, who have received appropriate education and have become wise and virtuous, are above the law, hence, they should govern. By the end of his life though he admits that honest politicians hardly exist; as a result the city should by governed by the right laws. The philosopher regards the law as a tutor who moulds moral citizens. The educative role of the laws is estimated by the degree citizens successfully comply with the requirements of the laws. Intentional obedience to the laws of the city consists of paramount obedience. In the third chapter the pedagogical nature of the laws is examined which according to Aristotle, likewise to Plato, is connected with morality. The laws are binding for all citizens. They encode the appropriate behavior, taking into account the prevailing values and the will of the city to render the citizens virtuous and blissful. The education of young people should be based on the right laws, acting as tutors who will force them to behave properly. Chapter four mentions of legislators in general, especially of the "noble" legislators who enacted laws whose instructive nature is directly or indirectly distinguished. The legislator is characterized by Plato as a tutor who commits to moulding righteous citizens. Aristotle stresses as well that the aim of the legislators is to establish the right laws to train good citizens. In conclusion, this thesis puts forward the evaluation of the laws as educators and the perpetual value of their educational nature in order to ensure social justice and happiness of the citizens.
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DOI
10.12681/eadd/37497
Διεύθυνση Handle
http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/37497
ND
37497
Εναλλακτικός τίτλος
The pedagogical function of law to the sophists , Plato and Aristotle
Συγγραφέας
Γεωργοπούλου, Γιολάντα-Ιωάννα (Πατρώνυμο: Γεώργιος)
Ημερομηνία
2016
Ίδρυμα
Εθνικό και Καποδιστριακό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών (ΕΚΠΑ). Σχολή Φιλοσοφική. Τμήμα Φιλοσοφίας, Παιδαγωγικής και Ψυχολογίας. Τομέας Φιλοσοφίας
Εξεταστική επιτροπή
Μαραγγιανού Ευαγγελία
Καλογεράκος Ιωάννης
Στείρης Γεώργιος
Πανταζάκος Παναγιώτης
Πολίτης Γεώργιος
Πρωτοπαπαδάκης Ευάγγελος
Φουρνάρος Σωτήρης
Επιστημονικό πεδίο
Ανθρωπιστικές Επιστήμες και ΤέχνεςΦιλοσοφία, Ηθική και Θρησκεία
Λέξεις-κλειδιά
Νόμος παιδαγωγός; Πλάτωνας; Αριστοτέλης; Πρωταγόρας; Νομοθέτης; Παιδεία
Χώρα
Ελλάδα
Γλώσσα
Ελληνικά
Άλλα στοιχεία
144 σ., ευρ.