Domesticating mountains in middle bronze age Crete: minoan agricultural landscaping in the Agios Nikolaos region

Abstract

Over 300 dwelling sites in the mountains of north-east Crete (Agios Nikolaos), datable (by surface pottery and lithics) mainly to the Middle Bronze Age (the Minoan Protopalatial period, ca.2000-1650 BCE) were discovered and studied. Sites were isolated but not more than 300 m (average) apart from each other and interconnected with a network of paths. Most ruin foundations were built with massive block masonry (named "oncolithic" in this study), while long enclosure-walls claimed areas of several thousand square meters (up to 6 hectares) for each habitation, including arable and rocky land. The setting and massive construction of these enclosures, (originally more than a meter high and with a total length of ca 150 km), show that they belonged to the sites. These features were mapped with GPS and used for the GIS study of land use and topography. Archaeologists in the past believed a few of the then known sites (ca. 5, while enclosures and connecting paths were unknown) situated on the ...
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DOI
10.12681/eadd/29129
Handle URL
http://hdl.handle.net/10442/hedi/29129
ND
29129
Alternative title
Εξημερώνοντας τα κρητικά όρη στη μέση εποχή του χαλκού: η μινωική διαμόρφωση του τοπίου στην περιοχή του Αγίου Νικολάου
Author
Beckmann, Sabine
Date
2012
Degree Grantor
University of Crete (UOC)
Committee members
Κόπακα Αικατερίνη
Γαλανίδου Νένα
Τσαχίλη Ίρις
Discipline
Humanities and the Arts
History and Archaeology
Keywords
Middle minoan architecture; Middle bronze age enclosure wall; Middle bronze age road; Perivolos; Middle bronze age mountain settlement; Middle minoan land use; Middle minoan landscape; Oncolithic
Country
Greece
Language
English
Description
2 τ. (197; 198 σ.), im., tbls., fig.
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